Return on investment (ROI) is the relationship between net revenue and investment cost in an asset and illustrates whether the investor’s asset has appreciated or depreciated. By looking at this figure, the investor can assess whether their investment has met their target and reflect on what to do in the future.

Working out the return on investment (ROI) also allows investors to find out how efficient an investment is and compare it to other investment options.

How do you calculate return on investment (ROI)?

You can calculate ROI using the following formula:

ROI (%) = (current value of investment —…


In quantitative easing, a form of monetary policy, national central banks increase the country’s nominal money supply. This issuing of cash, putting more money into circulation, increases inflation and devalues the currency.

Assets that, unlike cash, have a fixed total supply are not succeptable to inflation.

One of the reasons Bitcoin is nicknamed digital gold is because both Total supply are limited.

However, although gold is a limited resource, we have no clear idea of what percentage of the total supply has been mined, processed, and circulated in the market. The remaining reserve amount is a mystery.

On the other…


From the very start of its existence with the Genesis Block, the Bitcoin blockchain has been recorded every single transaction made on it. Transactions on the Bitcoin blockchain are anonymous, with the sender and recipient’s identities hidden, but are still traceable because of wallet addresses. If you know someone’s wallet address, then you can view all of their transactions and current balance.

We have no way of knowing exactly how much Bitcoin Satoshi Nakamoto holds as an individual — for all we know this mysterious individual may have five, ten or even 100 different wallets. …


If you’re already read our Bull and Bear Markets article then you’ll have a good understanding of the two concepts. In this follow-up article, we’ll explain the term bear trap and how it relates to cryptocurrency trading.

Bear traps are events where misleading market indicators give investors the signal that now is the time to sell. To the trader’s surprise the market ends up doing the opposite — they’ve been lured in and have fallen for the trap.

Technical analysis is one of the key tools short and medium-term investors have at their disposal. …


  • The Avalanche project was created under the leadership of Emin Gün Sirer, Cornell University professor and CEO of Ava Labs. With the help of Kevin Sekniqi and Maofan Yin, he the Avalanche network and its native token, AVAX, in September 2020
  • For those looking to launch their own digital assets or cryptocurrencies, the Avalanche project offers a solution without the need to develop a new blockchain
  • The Avalanche network’s native token, AVAX, acts as a payment and reward system for users within the network
  • The total supply of AVAX is capped at 720,000,000 AVAX tokens
  • At the time of writing, AVAX’s lowest price was ₺23.49 (31 December 2020). Its highest price was ₺504.85 (10 February 2021)
  • Access the Avalanche platform and AVAX site at https://www.avalabs.org/
  • Dive into the technical details of Avalanche in its whitepaper at https://www.avalabs.org/whitepapers

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  • The Synthetix protocol was established by Kain Warwick in September 2017, originally under the name Havven (HAV). After a year it changed its name to Synthetix. Synthetix is ​​a decentralised finance (DeFi) protocol built on the Ethereum blockchain that provides liquidity to cryptocurrencies and other digital assets
  • Users can trade cryptocurrencies, stocks, and commodities belonging to other blockchains on the Synthetix protocol. There is also the opportunity for users to earn income using Synths (highly liquid synthetic assets native to the platform)
  • SNX is the protocol’s ERC-20 based token. It is used in the project’s staking mechanism
  • The total supply…


  • The Basic Attention Token (BAT) was created by Brendan Eich and Brian Bondy, two notable figures in the internet browser industry. It was launched with an ICO in 2017
  • Basic Attention Token (BAT) is an ERC-20 token that runs on the Ethereum blockchain. It is the digital asset of blockchain-based digital advertising platform, Brave Ads
  • The total supply of BAT is capped at 1,500,000,000 BAT. At the time of writing, 1,495,931,132 BAT was in circulation
  • At the time of writing, BAT’s lowest price was ₺0.5537 (16 July 2017). Its highest price was ₺13.79 (13 April 2021)
  • Access the Basic Attention Token (BAT) site at https://basicattentiontoken.org/
  • Take a look at the technical details of the Basic Attention Token in the BAT whitepaper here https://basicattentiontoken.org/static-assets/documents/BasicAttentionTokenWhitePaper-4.pdf

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  • The Polygon platform was founded by Jaynti Kanani, Sandeep Nailwal and Anurag Arjun in October 2017, originally under the name MATIC (which remained the name of the project’s token)
  • The Polygon platform is one of the first projects that offered scalability and infrastructure development on the Ethereum blockchain
  • MATIC is an ERC-20 token. It’s used for for local payment transactions on the Polygon platform
  • The total supply of MATIC is capped at 10,000,000,000 MATIC. At the time of writing 4,877,830,774 MATIC is in circulation. MATIC tokens are released on a monthly basis
  • At the time of writing, the MATIC’s lowest ever price price was ₺0.02489 (9 May 2019). Its highest price was ₺8.69 (9 May 2021)
  • Access the Polygon platform and MATIC website at https://matic.network/
  • Review the technical details of Polygon and MATIC in the project’s whitepaper here https://github.com/maticnetwork/whitepaper

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Those two pizzas are now worth around 3,820,000,000 TRY…

On 18 May 2010, a BitcoinTalk forum user who went by the name “Laszlo”, created a thread proclaiming that he would pay 10,000 BTC* for a couple of pizzas. He didn’t mind if they were from a restuarant or homemade as long as they were a good size. While there was some initial interest from other forum users, Laszlo would have to wait a while.

He finally announced on 22 May 2010 that he successfully bought a pair of pizzas for 10,000 BTC. …


Bitcoin protocol upgrades

The Bitcoin blockchain is now preparing for the Taproot Upgrade, building on 2017's SegWit (Segregated Witness) Upgrade.

Bitcoin, which was kickstarted in 2008 with Satoshi Nakamoto’s whitepaper, enables users to transfer value thanks to a protocol that can approve transactions without the need of a central authority or third party. Nakamoto developed a solution to the “Byzantine Generals Problem” to tackle the problem of trust in payment transactions. This issue is resolved thanks to the Bitcoin core protocol. The decentralised Bitcoin network can also be altered and developed, provided the majority of stakeholders agree.

Upgrades to the…

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